Individuals who smoke have much higher rates of lung infection. Explain which fi

Individuals who smoke have much higher rates of lung infection. Explain which first-line defenses mechanisms may be impaired by smoking, allowing pathogens to more readily enter the lower respiratory tract. The diagnosis of tuberculosis involves the observation of lung structures called tubercles on an X ray. What immunologic process leads to the formation of tubercles,… Continue reading Individuals who smoke have much higher rates of lung infection. Explain which fi